The Cannes Film Festival
(French: le Festival international du film de
or simply le Festival de Cannes
), founded in 1939, is widely
considered to be among the world's most prestigious film festivals.
2006, Hollywood Reporter acknowledged that Cannes is the "granddaddy of
all film festivals" (although the oldest film festival in the World, beginning
in 1932, is the Venice Film Festival).
The private festival is held annually, once a year, (usually in the month of
May) at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, in the resort town of Cannes,
in the south of France.
The 60th Annual Cannes Film Festival will be held May 16 to 27, 2007.
The 61st will be held May 14 to 25, 2008.
At the end of the year 1938, shocked by the interference of the fascist
governments of Germany and Italy in the selection of films for the Mostra de
Venise, Jean Zay, the French Minister of National Education, decided, on the
proposal of Philippe Erlanger, to create an international cinematographic
festival in Cannes. In June 1939, Louis Lumière agreed to be the president of
the first festival, set to begin on September 1, 1939. The declaration of war
against Germany by France and the United Kingdom on September 3, 1939, however,
postponed the festival's premiere.
The festival was relaunched in 1946 and held from September 20, 1946 to
October 5, 1946 in the old casino in Cannes.
The festival was not held in 1948 or 1950 on account of budgetary problems.
In 1949 the Palais des Festivals was inaugurated. The original Palais
was replaced by a new one in 1983.
The 1968 festival was halted on May 19, 1968. The day before, Louis Malle
(president of the jury), François Truffaut, Claude Berri, Jean-Gabriel Albicocco,
Claude Lelouch, Roman Polanski and Jean-Luc Godard took over the large room of
the Palais and interrupted the projection of film in solidarity with
students and labor on strike throughout France.
At the 25th Cannes International Film Festival, in 1971, Charlie Chaplin was
awarded the Legion of Honor by French Minister of Culture M. Jacques Duhamel,
and a dozen directors were honored by the festival, including Orson Welles (who
was not present), Luis Bunuel, Federico Fellini, William Wyler, Rene Clement,
Michaelangelo Antonioni, Lindsay Anderson, Vojtech Jasny, Masaki Kobayashi and
The 59th Cannes Film Festival was held from May 17, 2006 to May 28, 2006. The
Hong Kong director Wong Kar-Wai was the president of the jury for feature films.
He was also the first Chinese president in the Festival's history. Wong Kar-Wai
won the Best Director award in 1997 for the film Happy Together.
|The "Palais des Festivals" in which the festival takes
The festival has become an important showcase for European films. Jill Forbes
and Sarah Street argue in European Cinema: An Introduction, that Cannes
"became...extremely important for critical and commercial interests and for
European attempts to sell films on the basis of their artistic quality" (page
20). Forbes and
Street also point out that, along with other festivals such as Venice, Berlin
and Locarno, Cannes offers an opportunity to determine a particular country's
image of its cinema and generally foster the notion that European cinema is
Additionally, given massive media exposure, the non-public festival is
attended by many movie stars and is a popular venue for movie producers to
launch their new films and attempt to sell their works to the distributors who
come from all over the globe.
The most prestigious award given out at Cannes is the Palme d'Or
("Golden Palm") for the best film. The jury of the festival, made of a small
international selection of movie professionals, grants other awards, including
the Grand Prix ("Grand Prize") the second most prestigious award.
|Panorama view of Cannes, 2001
- Palme d'Or - Golden Palm
- Grand Prix du Festival International du Film - Grand Prize of the
- Prix de la mise en scène - Best Director
- Prix du Jury - Jury Prize
- La Caméra d'Or - Best first film
- Prix du meilleur scénario - Best Screenplay
- Prix d'interprétation féminine du Festival de Cannes - Best
- Prix d'interprétation masculine du Festival de Cannes - Best Actor
- Prix un certain regard - Un Certain Regard Award
- Prix de la FIPRESCI - International Federation of Film Critics
- Palme d'Or du Festival de Cannes - court métrage
- Prix du Jury - court métrage
Cannes portrayed on film
- Evening in Byzantium (1978). The film festival is overtaken by
terrorists. Directed by Jerry London and starring Glenn Ford and Eddie Albert.
From a novel by Irwin Shaw.
- Almost Perfect Affair (1979). A romantic comedy about an affair
between a filmmaker and a producer's wife, set during the film festival.
Starring Keith Carradine.
- An Egyptian Story (1982). Egyptian director Youssef Chahine portrayed
his anxiety about appearing at the Cannes Film Festival with his film Nile Boy.
- La Cité de la peur (1994). Comedy. Directed by Alain Berberian.
Starring Alain Chabat, Chantal Lauby, Gérard Darmon.
- Grosse Fatigue (1994). Comedy.
- Festival in Cannes (2001). Entertainment industry farce about
filmmakers trying to make deals during the Cannes Film Festival. Directed by
Henry Jaglom and starring Greta Scacchi, Maximilian Schell and Ron Silver.
- Femme Fatale (2002). After pulling off a risky heist during the
Cannes Film Festival, Laure double-crosses her partners and tries to disappear
by assuming the identity of a dead woman. Directed by Brian De Palma and
starring Rebecca Romijn and Antonio Banderas.
- Mr. Bean's Holiday (2007). Mr. Bean is accused of kidnapping one of
the judges' son and travels to the film festival to return him to his father,
but ends up cutting of the video of one of the films and instead showing clips
from his film which match the voice-over. This earns the film a standing
ovation. Starring Rowan Atkinson.
Bienvenue a Cannes (2007). "The Cannes Film Festival celebrates 60 years."
Turner Classic Movies produced documentary.
The Palme d'Or
") is the highest prize given to a
competing film at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the
organizing committee. From 1902 to 1954, the highest prize had been called the
Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
The Palme d'Or was not awarded from 1964 to 1974; it was replaced by the
Grand Prix du Festival
International du Film (1939-54)
||Cecil B. DeMille
|The Lost Weekend
|Red Meadows (De røde enge)
||Bodil Ipsen and Lau Lauritzen
|Lowly City (Neecha Nagar)
|Portrait of Maria (María Candelaria)
|The Turning Point (Великий перелом, Velikiy perelom)
||Fridrikh Markovitch Ermler
|La symphonie pastorale
|The Last Chance (Die Letzte Chance)
|Men Without Wings (Mui bez křídel)
|Rome, Open City (Roma, città aperta)
||The Third Man
||Miss Julie (Fröken Julie)
|Miracle in Milan (Miracolo a Milano)
||Vittorio De Sica
||The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice
|Two Cents Worth of Hope (Due soldi di speranza)
||The Wages of Fear (Le salaire de la peur)
||Gate of Hell (地獄門, Jigokumon)
Palme d'Or (1955-1963)
||The Silent World (Le monde du silence)
||Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Louis Malle
||The Cranes Are Flying (Летят журавли, Letyat zhuravli)
||Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro)
||La dolce vita
||The Long Absence (Une aussi longue absence)
||Keeper of Promises (O Pagador de Promessas)
||The Leopard (Il Gattopardo)
Grand Prix du Festival
International du Film (1964-1974)
||The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (Les Parapluies de Cherbourg)
||The Knack ...and How to Get It
||A Man and a Woman (Un homme et une femme)
|The Birds, the Bees and the Italians (Signore and signori)
||canceled due to events of May 1968
||The Working Class Goes to Heaven (La classe operaia va in paradiso)
|The Mattei Affair (Il Caso Mattei)
||Francis Ford Coppola
Palme d'Or (1975-present)
||Chronicle of the Years of Fire (Chronique des années de braise)
||Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani
||The Tree of Wooden Clogs (L'Albero degli zoccoli)
||Francis Ford Coppola
|The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel)
||All That Jazz
||Man of Iron (Człowiek z żelaza)
||Yilmaz Guney and Şerif Gören
||The Ballad of Narayama (楢山節考, Narayama bushiko)
||When Father Was Away on Business (Otac na slubenom putu)
||Under the Sun of Satan (Sous le soleil de Satan)
||Pelle the Conqueror (Pelle erobreren)
||sex, lies, and videotape
||Wild at Heart
||Joel and Ethan Coen
||The Best Intentions (Den goda viljan)
||Farewell My Concubine (霸王別姬, Bàwáng Bié Jī)
||Underground (Подземље, Podzemlje)
||Secrets & Lies
||Taste of Cherry (طعم گيلاس, Ta'm-e gilass)
|The Eel (うなぎ, Unagi)
||Eternity and a Day (Μια αιωνιότητα και μια μέρα, Mia aioniotita
kai mia mera)
||Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne
||Dancer in the Dark
||Lars von Trier
||The Son's Room (La stanza del figlio)
||Gus Van Sant
||The Child (L'Enfant)
||Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne
||The Wind That Shakes the Barley
||4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days (4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile)
- Alf Sjöberg (1946, 1951)
- Francis Ford Coppola (1974, 1979)
- Shohei Imamura (1983, 1997)
- Emir Kusturica (1985, 1995)
- Bille August (1988, 1992)
- Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne (1999, 2005)
The festival is sometimes criticized for eurocentrism.
Specifically, the film festival is designed to be an international film
festival, but almost all Golden Palm winners are from the United States or