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Cannes Film Festival

Starlet with photographers - Cannes Film Festival

Source

Starlet with photographers - Cannes Film Festival (probably taken in 1979).

The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival international du film de Cannes or simply le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is widely considered to be among the world's most prestigious film festivals.

In May 2006, Hollywood Reporter acknowledged that Cannes is the "granddaddy of all film festivals" (although the oldest film festival in the World, beginning in 1932, is the Venice Film Festival).

The private festival is held annually, once a year, (usually in the month of May) at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, in the resort town of Cannes, in the south of France.

The 60th Annual Cannes Film Festival will be held May 16 to 27, 2007.

The 61st will be held May 14 to 25, 2008.

Cannes 1959

Video, Movie, Film, Clip. Mpeg

History

At the end of the year 1938, shocked by the interference of the fascist governments of Germany and Italy in the selection of films for the Mostra de Venise, Jean Zay, the French Minister of National Education, decided, on the proposal of Philippe Erlanger, to create an international cinematographic festival in Cannes. In June 1939, Louis Lumière agreed to be the president of the first festival, set to begin on September 1, 1939. The declaration of war against Germany by France and the United Kingdom on September 3, 1939, however, postponed the festival's premiere.

The festival was relaunched in 1946 and held from September 20, 1946 to October 5, 1946 in the old casino in Cannes.

The festival was not held in 1948 or 1950 on account of budgetary problems. In 1949 the Palais des Festivals was inaugurated. The original Palais was replaced by a new one in 1983.

The 1968 festival was halted on May 19, 1968. The day before, Louis Malle (president of the jury), François Truffaut, Claude Berri, Jean-Gabriel Albicocco, Claude Lelouch, Roman Polanski and Jean-Luc Godard took over the large room of the Palais and interrupted the projection of film in solidarity with students and labor on strike throughout France.

At the 25th Cannes International Film Festival, in 1971, Charlie Chaplin was awarded the Legion of Honor by French Minister of Culture M. Jacques Duhamel, and a dozen directors were honored by the festival, including Orson Welles (who was not present), Luis Bunuel, Federico Fellini, William Wyler, Rene Clement, Michaelangelo Antonioni, Lindsay Anderson, Vojtech Jasny, Masaki Kobayashi and Robert Bresson.[1]

The 59th Cannes Film Festival was held from May 17, 2006 to May 28, 2006. The Hong Kong director Wong Kar-Wai was the president of the jury for feature films. He was also the first Chinese president in the Festival's history. Wong Kar-Wai won the Best Director award in 1997 for the film Happy Together.

"Palais des Festivals"

Source

The "Palais des Festivals" in which the festival takes place.

Impact

The festival has become an important showcase for European films. Jill Forbes and Sarah Street argue in European Cinema: An Introduction, that Cannes "became...extremely important for critical and commercial interests and for European attempts to sell films on the basis of their artistic quality" (page 20).[2] Forbes and Street also point out that, along with other festivals such as Venice, Berlin and Locarno, Cannes offers an opportunity to determine a particular country's image of its cinema and generally foster the notion that European cinema is "art" cinema.[2]

Additionally, given massive media exposure, the non-public festival is attended by many movie stars and is a popular venue for movie producers to launch their new films and attempt to sell their works to the distributors who come from all over the globe.

Awards

The most prestigious award given out at Cannes is the Palme d'Or ("Golden Palm") for the best film. The jury of the festival, made of a small international selection of movie professionals, grants other awards, including the Grand Prix ("Grand Prize") — the second most prestigious award.

Panorama view of Cannes, 2001

Source

Panorama view of Cannes, 2001

Feature films

  • Palme d'Or - Golden Palm
  • Grand Prix du Festival International du Film - Grand Prize of the Festival (1946-1954)
  • Prix de la mise en scène - Best Director
  • Prix du Jury - Jury Prize
  • La Caméra d'Or - Best first film
  • Prix du meilleur scénario - Best Screenplay
  • Prix d'interprétation féminine du Festival de Cannes - Best Actress
  • Prix d'interprétation masculine du Festival de Cannes - Best Actor
  • Prix un certain regard - Un Certain Regard Award
  • Prix de la FIPRESCI - International Federation of Film Critics Prize

Short films

  • Palme d'Or du Festival de Cannes - court métrage
  • Prix du Jury - court métrage

Cannes portrayed on film

  • Evening in Byzantium (1978). The film festival is overtaken by terrorists. Directed by Jerry London and starring Glenn Ford and Eddie Albert. From a novel by Irwin Shaw.
  • Almost Perfect Affair (1979). A romantic comedy about an affair between a filmmaker and a producer's wife, set during the film festival. Starring Keith Carradine.
  • An Egyptian Story (1982). Egyptian director Youssef Chahine portrayed his anxiety about appearing at the Cannes Film Festival with his film Nile Boy.
  • La Cité de la peur (1994). Comedy. Directed by Alain Berberian. Starring Alain Chabat, Chantal Lauby, Gérard Darmon.
  • Grosse Fatigue (1994). Comedy.
  • Festival in Cannes (2001). Entertainment industry farce about filmmakers trying to make deals during the Cannes Film Festival. Directed by Henry Jaglom and starring Greta Scacchi, Maximilian Schell and Ron Silver.
  • Femme Fatale (2002). After pulling off a risky heist during the Cannes Film Festival, Laure double-crosses her partners and tries to disappear by assuming the identity of a dead woman. Directed by Brian De Palma and starring Rebecca Romijn and Antonio Banderas.
  • Mr. Bean's Holiday (2007). Mr. Bean is accused of kidnapping one of the judges' son and travels to the film festival to return him to his father, but ends up cutting of the video of one of the films and instead showing clips from his film which match the voice-over. This earns the film a standing ovation. Starring Rowan Atkinson.

Bienvenue a Cannes (2007). "The Cannes Film Festival celebrates 60 years." Turner Classic Movies produced documentary.

Palme d'Or

The Palme d'Or ("Golden Palm") is the highest prize given to a competing film at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the organizing committee. From 1902 to 1954, the highest prize had been called the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film.[1]

The Palme d'Or was not awarded from 1964 to 1974; it was replaced by the Grand Prix.[1][2]

 Grand Prix du Festival International du Film (1939-54)

Year Film Director
1939 Union Pacific [2] Cecil B. DeMille
1946 Torment (Hets) Alf Sjöberg
The Lost Weekend Billy Wilder
Red Meadows (De røde enge) Bodil Ipsen and Lau Lauritzen
Lowly City (Neecha Nagar) Chetan Anand
Brief Encounter David Lean
Portrait of Maria (María Candelaria) Emilio Fernández
The Turning Point (Великий перелом, Velikiy perelom) Fridrikh Markovitch Ermler
La symphonie pastorale Jean Delannoy
The Last Chance (Die Letzte Chance) Leopold Lintberg
Men Without Wings (Muži bez křídel) František Čáp
Rome, Open City (Roma, città aperta) Roberto Rossellini
1947 not awarded  
1948 not held  
1949 The Third Man Carol Reed
1950 not held  
1951 Miss Julie (Fröken Julie) Alf Sjöberg
Miracle in Milan (Miracolo a Milano) Vittorio De Sica
1952 The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice Orson Welles
Two Cents Worth of Hope (Due soldi di speranza) Renato Castellani
1953 The Wages of Fear (Le salaire de la peur) Henri-Georges Clouzot
1954 Gate of Hell (地獄門, Jigokumon) Teinosuke Kinugasa

Red carpet

Source

Red carpet, 2001

Palme d'Or (1955-1963)

Year Film Director
1955 Marty Delbert Mann
1956 The Silent World (Le monde du silence) Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Louis Malle
1957 Friendly Persuasion William Wyler
1958 The Cranes Are Flying (Летят журавли, Letyat zhuravli) Mikhail Kalatozov
1959 Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro) Marcel Camus
1960 La dolce vita Federico Fellini
1961 The Long Absence (Une aussi longue absence) Henri Colpi
Viridiana Luis Buñuel
1962 Keeper of Promises (O Pagador de Promessas) Anselmo Duarte
1963 The Leopard (Il Gattopardo) Luchino Visconti

Grand Prix du Festival International du Film (1964-1974)

Year Film Director
1964 The Umbrellas of Cherbourg (Les Parapluies de Cherbourg) Jacques Demy
1965 The Knack ...and How to Get It Richard Lester
1966 A Man and a Woman (Un homme et une femme) Claude Lelouch
The Birds, the Bees and the Italians (Signore and signori) Pietro Germi
1967 Blowup Michelangelo Antonioni
1968 canceled due to events of May 1968  
1969 If.... Lindsay Anderson
1970 M*A*S*H Robert Altman
1971 The Go-Between Joseph Losey
1972 The Working Class Goes to Heaven (La classe operaia va in paradiso) Elio Petri
The Mattei Affair (Il Caso Mattei) Francesco Rosi
1973 The Hireling Alan Bridges
Scarecrow Jerry Schatzberg
1974 The Conversation Francis Ford Coppola

Palme d'Or (1975-present)

1975 Chronicle of the Years of Fire (Chronique des années de braise) Mohammed Lakhdar-Hamina
1976 Taxi Driver Martin Scorsese
1977 Padre Padrone Paolo Taviani and Vittorio Taviani
1978 The Tree of Wooden Clogs (L'Albero degli zoccoli) Ermanno Olmi
1979 Apocalypse Now Francis Ford Coppola
The Tin Drum (Die Blechtrommel) Volker Schlöndorff
1980 All That Jazz Bob Fosse
Kagemusha (影武者) Akira Kurosawa
1981 Man of Iron (Człowiek z żelaza) Andrzej Wajda
1982 Missing Costa-Gavras
Yol Yilmaz Guney and Şerif Gören
1983 The Ballad of Narayama (楢山節考, Narayama bushiko) Shohei Imamura
1984 Paris, Texas Wim Wenders
1985 When Father Was Away on Business (Otac na službenom putu) Emir Kusturica
1986 The Mission Roland Joffé
1987 Under the Sun of Satan (Sous le soleil de Satan) Maurice Pialat
1988 Pelle the Conqueror (Pelle erobreren) Bille August
1989 sex, lies, and videotape Steven Soderbergh
1990 Wild at Heart David Lynch
1991 Barton Fink Joel and Ethan Coen
1992 The Best Intentions (Den goda viljan) Bille August
1993 Farewell My Concubine (霸王別姬, Bàwáng Bié Jī) Chen Kaige
The Piano Jane Campion
1994 Pulp Fiction Quentin Tarantino
1995 Underground (Подземље, Podzemlje) Emir Kusturica
1996 Secrets & Lies Mike Leigh
1997 Taste of Cherry (طعم گيلاس, Ta'm-e gilass) Abbas Kiarostami
The Eel (うなぎ, Unagi) Shohei Imamura
1998 Eternity and a Day (Μια αιωνιότητα και μια μέρα, Mia aioniotita kai mia mera) Theo Angelopoulos
1999 Rosetta Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne
2000 Dancer in the Dark Lars von Trier
2001 The Son's Room (La stanza del figlio) Nanni Moretti
2002 The Pianist Roman Polanski
2003 Elephant Gus Van Sant
2004 Fahrenheit 9/11 Michael Moore
2005 The Child (L'Enfant) Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne
2006 The Wind That Shakes the Barley Ken Loach
2007  4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days (4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile) Cristian Mungiu

Repeated winners

  • Alf Sjöberg (1946, 1951)
  • Francis Ford Coppola (1974, 1979)
  • Shohei Imamura (1983, 1997)
  • Emir Kusturica (1985, 1995)
  • Bille August (1988, 1992)
  • Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne (1999, 2005)

Criticism

The festival is sometimes criticized for eurocentrism. Specifically, the film festival is designed to be an international film festival, but almost all Golden Palm winners are from the United States or Europe.

References and Notes

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